Protestant Cemetery

Protestant Cemetery2017-02-20T16:14:53+00:00

An English-Prussian bishopric was founded in Jerusalem in the year 1841. This alliance was the basis for the Protestants to settle in Jerusalem. Samuel Gobat, the second protestant bishop, purchased a compound on the Mount of Zion for the burials of relatives of both churches in the bishopric in the year 1848. In the year 1886 this alliance resigned because of the political general conditions. But it was decided to pursue the Cemetery together. For this purpose a committee of cemetery was founded 1906 which consisted an equal number of seats taken by the English and by the Germans. This committee owns still the administration of the Cemetery.

In the year 1917 a field for war graves for the German and Austrian soldiers which had been fallen in this area since 1916 was constructed. It was called the “nicht-konfessionelle Insel auf dem Prostestantenfriedhof” (“a non-confessional island on the protestant cemetery”).

After the Israeli war of Independence and the foundation of the state (1948–1967) the Cemetery was no longer useable for the churches which lay in the eastern part of Jerusalem, because the Cemetery laid directly west of the armed truce line between Israel and Jordan.

The Mount of Zion Cemetery is until today the one and only burial place of the German speaking protestant congregation in Jerusalem. Because of the everlasting right of ease in the Middle East the Cemetery possesses only a few unoccupied graves which are reserved for the resident Protestants.

Graves of Interesting People

Bishop Samuel Gobat
Bishop Samuel GobatThe second bishop of the Prussian-Anglican bishopric (ministry: 1846–1879)
Samuel Gobat was a born Swiss and boarding pupil of the house of mission St. Chrischona of Basel, Switzerland. He was sent to Jerusalem by Prussia. Under his leadership the avoidance of the Jewish Mission took place, which led partial to tensions in the Anglican counties. Instead of this he turned to the pedagogical work and the evangelism of Greek-orthodox Arabs. In his time of ministry many important deaconic and pedagogical institutions came into existence, e.g. the Syrian Orphanage and Talitha Kumi. Furthermore Gobat supported the formation of Arabic-protestant congregations outside of Jerusalem, mostly connected with schools.
Johann Ludwig Schneller
Johann Ludwig SchnellerFounder of the Syrian Orphanage
Johann Ludwig Schneller was born on 15th of January in 1820 as the son of a destitute weaver and farmer in Erpfingen in the Swabian Alb. His parental home was powerful pietistic. In 1843 Schneller took over the job as housefather/housekeeper and minister in the institution for dismissed male convicts in Vaihingen by the Enz. In 1854 he was send to Jerusalem and took over the management of the Brothers´ House of the Mission of Basel. Schneller began the buildup of the Syrian Orphanage in 1860. This evolved to the most significant Christian educational establishment of the country. It finally became the precursor of deaconic and missionary activities in the Middle East. Schneller died on 18th of October 1896 in Jerusalem.
Sister Bertha Hartz
Sister Bertha HartzSister of the Kaiserswerther Deacony and Leader of Talitha Kumi
Bertha Hartz was born on the December 3, 1890 in Eisenach. She joined the Deaconess Mothers’ House Kaiserwerth in 1910. By the age of 24 she was sent to Beirut in order to work with schools. In 1915 she was consecrated as deaconess. Bertha Hartz fostered wounded soldiers in the Negev next to Beersheva during World War I. Afterwards she was designated to go back to Germany for six years. From 1926 to 1940 she was the leader of the girls school Talitha Kumi in Jerusalem. In 1950 she started a new beginning with a school in Beit Jala. She operated until 1962 as the leader of the school. Bertha Hartz died on the October 17, 1982.
William Matthew Flinders Petrie
William Matthew Flinders PetriePioneer of the modern archaeology
William m. Flinders Petrie was born on the 3rd of June 1853 as the son of a surveyor and engineer in London. His interest for the archaeology, especially Egyptology aroused very early. Starting in 1880 he ditched and researched actively in Egypt and was professor of Egyptology at the University College in London from 1892 to 1933. From 1927 to 1938 he waged archaeological excavations in Palestine. Flinders Petrie was the first one to develop a chronological system which made it possible to trace the development of a place and its culture through the sequence of layers of old ceramic findings. This system is still in principle in use today in the archaeology. Flinders Petrie died on the 28th of July 1942 in Jerusalem. He willed his head for academic researches the Royal College of Surgeons. His body is interred on the Mount of Zion Cemetery.
Conrad Schick
Conrad SchickGerman builder in Jerusalem
Conrad Schick was born on the 27th of November 1822 in Bitz in the Swabian Alb. He was a member of the pietistic Pilgrim mission of Basel of St. Chrischona. They sent him to Jerusalem in 1846 to build a German-Protestant Brothers´ House. Since that time he lived in Jerusalem and was responsible for the building of numerous public buildings and water pipes. His models of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Temple Mount are famous, which are partial exposed in the German Protestant Institute of Archaeology on the Mount of Olives and in the Paulus-Haus next the Damascus Gate. Schick managed also the building of the Jewish-orthodox quarter Mea Shearim and the school Talitha Kumi. Schick died in 1901 in Jerusalem. Jews, Christians and Moslems grieved together for him.
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